Apple Announces Multitasking in iPhone OS 4.0

Yesterday was Apple’s big announcement – iPhone OS 4.0. There was a bunch of new features announced, including the long awaited – multitasking. If you want to follow the announcement, check out live.gdgt.com.

There’s a lot of focus on multitasking these days, so I wanted to run through what Apple announced and what it means for developers and the applications you use every day. Apple’s focus was to find a way to allow multitasking but without allowing background processes that end up killing your performance and battery life.

“How are we adding multitasking while preserving battery life and performance. We looked at tens of thousands of apps in the app store, and we’ve distilled the services those apps need to run in the background. So we implemented those services, and we’re providing those services as APIs to developers so they can add multitasking while preserving battery life.” – Scott Forstall, SVP of iPhone Software via live.gdgt.com

MobileJaw-AppleMultitasking-iPhoneOS4

The announcement goes on to define the seven (7) background services they are providing – Background audio, Voice over IP, Background location, Push notifications, Local notifications, Task completion, and Fast app switching. These are the only multitasking services exposed to the developer. Let’s quickly run down what each one of these can do for you:

  1. Background audio – obviously, great for listening to music while using other applications
  2. Voice over IP – pretty straight forward again, great for services like Skype
  3. Background location – this will enhance applications like FourSquare as the app can automatically grab GPS co-ordinates while you’re not actively using it. Also a great advantage for turn-by-turn directions.
  4. Push notifications – this has been in the product for the last 9 months,
  5. Local notifications – this is based on the push notifications, but there is no server, they are local to the phone
  6. Task completion – this allows the developer to put a task in motion and forget about it. For example, think of uploading a large file. The developer could code the app to upload that file in the background and this frees up the user to browse away from that screen. There doesn’t appear to be any way for the application to interact with that process once it’s launched. So it would effectively run to completion or until it times out.

Those are the only multitasking processes allowed at this time. While they are pretty nice features, there’s still no way for me to open my RSS reader, start it updating and then switch to email or browse the web while it downloads in the background. It’s great that Apple has released multitasking, but to be clear, it’s not full on multitasking. It’s a limited scope of features. This approach allows them to keep tight control over processes and applications and ensure that the device remains fairly stable. Perhaps Apple will release more ability in the future, but for now, there is limited multitasking ability.

Apple also seems to think that there’s no need for a task manager. This could prove to be a problem as they’re letting developers spin off task completion treads but there’s not way for the end user to manage those.  If they hang or maybe there’s too many being generated by an app, there’s no way to kill that process.

More details should be coming out over the next little while as developers download and test out OS 4.0.

About Mike Temporale

Mike Temporale has written 614 posts on Mobile Jaw..

Mike Temporale grew up fascinated by computers since an early age. His first hands on with a computer came when he was 7 years old and a travelling lab of Commodore PET computers made a stop at his school. Hooked on the new world these devices offered, he took any chance possible to get in front of a computer. When Compaq launched the iPaq 3600, he was hooked again. This time on a whole new world of mobile computing. Today, Mike spends his day helping clients deploy and manage their mobile device around the world. From installing custom software, to locking and securing data, and everything in between. He is also the Editor in Chief at Mobile Jaw - a site focused on today's mobile world.

  • http://twitter.com/mobilejaw/status/11884865181 MobileJaw

    Apple Announces Multitasking in iPhone OS 4.0 – http://tinyurl.com/y4376hh

  • http://twitter.com/miketemporale/status/11888529042 MikeTemporale

    with the famous Apple twist. RT @MobileJaw: Apple Announces Multitasking in iPhone OS 4.0 – http://tinyurl.com/y4376hh

  • http://www.redward.org TruB

    \If they hang or maybe there’s too many being generated by an app, there’s no way to kill that process.\
    Actually Ive seen a video of someone showing how you kill a process with the app switcher or what it was called. when its up you simple do as you would with an app you want to delete. press and hold and tap the cross button that appears.

    apple didnt mention this, but I think they wanted to emphasize that shouldnt have to kill an app ever. even though you can.